The Quran about signs 1
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful.
The Universe as a Sign
Reading the Quran, a person inevitably encounters the concept of a “sign”. This term in the Prescription denotes different things. In Arabic, this word sounds like “aayatun” and means: sign, portent.
In order to stimulate the desire to study physical phenomena, the Creator designated the environment as a sign for the thinking people.
Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits people, and what God has sent down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness and dispersing therein every moving creature, and directing of the winds and the clouds controlled between the heaven and the earth are signs for a people who use reason. (2:164)
Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding. (3:190)
And it is He who placed for you the stars that you may be guided by them through the darknesses of the land and sea. We have detailed the signs for a people who know.(6:97)
And it is He who sends down rain from the sky. We produce thereby the growth of all things. We produce from it greenery from which We produce grains arranged in layers. And from the palm trees – of its emerging fruit are clusters hanging low. And gardens of grapevines and olives and pomegranates, similar yet varied. Look at its fruit when it yields and its ripening. Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe! (6:99)
It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light! He determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account. God has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know. Indeed, in the alternation of the night and the day and what God has created in the heavens and the earth are signs for a people who are circumspect! (10:5-6)
It is He who made for you the night to rest therein and the day, giving sight. Indeed in that are signs for a people who listen! (10:67)
Say, “Observe what is in the heavens and earth.” But of no avail will be signs or warners to a people who do not believe! (10:101)
And how many a sign within the heavens and earth do they pass over while they, therefrom, are turning away! (12:105)
It is God who erected the heavens without pillars that you see, then arranged them for dwelling. The sun and moon are exploited. All is intended for a specified term. He arranges matter. He details the signs that you may, of the meeting with your Lord, be certain!
And it is He who spread the earth and placed therein firmly set mountains and rivers; and from all of the fruits He made therein two mates; He causes the night to cover the day. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought!
And within the land are neighboring plots and gardens of grapevines and crops and palm trees from one root and not from the same root, watered with one water. We make some of them exceed others, for food. Indeed in that are signs for a people who reason! (13:2-4)
He causes to grow for you thereby the crops, olives, palm trees, grapevines, and from all the fruits. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who give thought!
And He has subjected for you the night and day and the sun and moon, and the stars are subjected by His command. Indeed in that are signs for a people who reason! And whatever He multiplied for you on the earth of varying colors. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who remember! (16:11-13)
And God has sent down rain from the sky and given life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who listen!
And indeed, for you in grazing livestock is aт edification. We give you drink from what is in their bellies – between excretion and blood – pure milk, palatable to drinkers.
And from the fruits of the palm trees and grapevines you take intoxicant and good provision. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who reason!
And your Lord inspired to the bee to build houses among the mountains and among the trees and that they construct houses. Then eat from all the fruits and follow the ways of your Lord laid down.” There emerges from their bellies a drink, varying in colors, in which there is healing for people. Indeed in that is a sign for a people who give thought! (16:65-69)
Do they not see the birds, using the air of the sky? None holds them up except God. Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe! (16:79)
And We have made the night and day two signs, and We erased the sign of the night and made the sign of the day visible that you may seek bounty from your Lord and may know the number of years and the account. And everything We have set out in detail! (17:12)
Did they not look at the earth – how much We have produced therein from every noble kind? Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers! (26:7-8)
Do they not see that We made the night that they may rest therein and the day giving sight? Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe! (27:86)
God created the heavens and the earth in truth. Indeed in that is a sign for the believers! (29:44)
And of His signs is that He created you from dust; then, suddenly you were human beings dispersing.
And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may live with them. He placed between you love and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought!
And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your languages and your colors. Indeed in that are signs for those of knowledge!
And of His signs is your sleep by night and day and your seeking of His bounty. Indeed in that are signs for a people who listen!
And of His signs is He shows you the lightening causing fear and aspiration. He sends down rain from the sky by which He brings to life the earth after its lifelessness. Indeed in that are signs for a people who use reason!
And of His signs is that the heaven and earth remain by His command. Then when He calls you with a call from the earth, immediately you will come forth! (30:20-25)
And of His signs is that He sends the winds as bringers of good tidings and to let you taste His mercy and so the ships may sail at His command and so you may seek of His bounty, and perhaps you will be grateful! (30:46)
And of His signs are the night and day and the sun and moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or to the moon, but prostate to God, who created them, if it should be Him that you serve! (41:37)
And of His signs is that you see the earth stilled, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and grows. Indeed, He who has given it life is the Giver of Life to the dead! Indeed, He is over all things competent! (41:39)
And of his signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and what He has dispersed throughout them of creatures. And He, for gathering them when He wills, is competent! (42:29)
And of His signs are the ships in the sea, like mountains.
If He willed, He could still the wind, and they would remain motionless on its surface. Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful! (42:32-33)
And We showed them signs each greater than the other. We seized them with affliction that perhaps they might return! (43:48)
And He has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth – all from Him. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought! (45:13)
There is a clear direction to the research activity in the physical world, the scientific disciplines of which correspond to the status of the Divine teachings.