The Quran about violence
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful
In the process of discussing the punishment system according to the Quran, the topic of punishment for violence was opened. How to evaluate rape? What kind of punishment should be executed in this case, based on the Quran? To answer these questions, we need to determine what the violence is in general?!
Violence involves causing some damage:
And when you divorce women and they have [nearly] fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or release them according to acceptable terms, and do not keep them, intending harm, to transgress… (2:231)
Harm to personality:
…Let no scribe be harmed or any witness. For if you do so, indeed, it is an apostasy for you.
And beware of God , for God teaches you!
God is Knowing of all things! (2:282)
Compulsion to do something against the will:
O you who have believed! It is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear excessiveness. And live with them with the approval. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and God makes therein much good. (4:19)
This is also true with regard to sexual violence:
But let them who find not means for intimacy abstain until God enriches them from His bounty.
And those who seek a contract for emancipation from among whom dependent on you – then make a contract with them if you know there is within them goodness. Give them from the wealth of God which He has given you.
And do not compel your servants to lechery, if they desire chastity, to seek the journeys of worldly life. And if someone should compel them, then indeed, after their compulsion, God is Forgiving and Merciful! (24:33)
These excerpts clearly show us the precedents of compulsion from which the Creator warns us.
Violence against the personality:
O my nation! Give full measure and weight in balance! Do not deprive the people of their due and do not commit an evil on the earth, spreading corruption. (11:85)
And do not deprive people of their due and do not commit abuse on earth, spreading corruption. (26:183)
As we see, these actions are estimated by God in the Quran as the spread of corruption on the earth.
Sexual violence is based on an uncontrollable passion, which ultimately leads to corruption:
But if the Truth had followed their passions, the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them would have been ruined. Rather, We have brought them the reminder, but they, from the reminder, are turning away! (23:71)
Therefore, sexual violence can be safely considered as corruption and apply the appropriate punishment:
Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against God and His messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land.
Society, to punish a rapist has the right to apply: either the death penalty, or mutilation, or deportation from the country.
Any punishment or punishment system can be called medieval, uncivilized, barbaric, etc., but all this will be just a shaking of the air and labels without meaning. The point is that an adequate punishment should be applied to non-legal action. The Quranic punishment fully meets this requirement.