The Quran about justice
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful
One of the main slogans of most revolutions in the history of mankind was the concept of equal relations between people. The organizers of the change in the social order played on these natural feelings.
Where did this feeling come from in completely different people, in different places and at different times? The answer to this question for the believer in the divine beginning of being is clear – it is put by the Creator.
To determine the equal attitude, in the Quran the term “, adalah” is used: to be fair, just, to equate, to align, and to be equal (in relation to).
For the correct orientation, the reference of the correspondence in the guide is the words of the Creator.
And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing! (6:115)
Serving as a model, the prescriptions of the Lord are directed towards a harmonious social state in society.
… And when you speak, be just, even if it is a near relative! Fulfil taken obligation before God!
This is His testament for you that you may take thought! (6:152)
Indeed, God orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives. He detains from excessiveness, hated and criminal. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded! (16:90)
In any mechanism, a certain “backlash” is provided, which, if properly regulated, does not lead to failure of the entire system. For example, in the relationship of a man and a woman, this concerns a divorce.
…And bring to witness two just men from among you… (65:2)
Whatever the reason, whatever emotions there may be, the divorce must be accompanied by the best side. This also applies to economic relations between people.
O you who have believed! When you contract a debt for a specified term, write it down. And let a scribe write between you in justice… (2:282)
Indeed, God commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that God admonishes you! Indeed, God is ever Hearing and Seeing. (4:58)
O you who have believed! Do not kill the hunting prey while you are banned. And whoever of you kills it intentionally – the penalty is an equivalent from sacrificial animals to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you… (5:95)
O you who have believed! Testimony among you when death approaches one of you at the time of bequest there should be two just men from among you or two others from outside… (5:106)
There was no practically a period in history when there would be no enemies on the straight path. Enmity reveals feelings, especially feelings of hatred. But whatever emotions overfill, the rule of equal treatment for everyone for those who believe in the Quran should always be maintained.
O you who have believed! Be persistently standing firm for God, witnesses in balance, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to circumspectness. Beware of God! Indeed, God is Acquainted with what you do. (5:8)
Unfortunately, precedents of armed conflict between believers occur regularly. But this is a trial for them, because in the conflict it is necessary to be guided by the divine source, which prescribes impartiality.
And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two. But if one of them oppresses the other, then fight against the one that oppresses until it returns to the ordinance of God. And if it returns, then make settlement between them in justice and act in balance. Indeed, God loves those who act in balance! (49:9)
Educating oneself in different situations, steadfastly following the Creator’s commands leads to the best qualitative change in a person.
Is he equal to one who commands justice, while he is on a straight path? (16:76)
Such a qualitative state does not allow people to follow their passions and deviate from the truth.
So to that invite, and remain on a right course as you are commanded and do not follow their passions.
Say, “I have believed in what God has revealed of the Quran, and I have been commanded to do justice among you. God is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you your deeds. There is no [need for] argument between us and you. God will bring us together, and to Him is return!” (42:15)
The principle of voluntariness in fulfilling of the duty to God allows the individual to make a choice in one way or another. Often, most people choose their sensual side, which does not give the right reference point in life. And as a result of an erroneous choice – is the loss of the opportunity to correct their state on the Day of Debt.
And beware of a day when no personality will suffice for another personality at all, nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be taken from it, nor will they be aided. (2:48)
And beware of a day when no personality will suffice for another personality at all, and no compensation will be accepted from it, nor will any intercession benefit it, nor will they be aided. (2:123)
…And if it should offer every compensation, it would not be taken from it! … (6:70)
It should be well understood that an unfair attitude, like a boomerang, can return to a person.