The Quran about balance
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful
The theme of “justice” is disclosed in yet another term: “kasato, kystun” – an equal share, part, divided into equal parts, proportionality, balance.
Say, “My Lord has ordered balance… (7:29)
Even in the preparation of food, a violation of the proportion of added components can spoil the taste of the dish. And what can we say about the violations of the measure in life.
Therefore, the meaning of the mission of messengers was precisely in informing people of the balance of their deeds.
We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Prescription and the scales that the people may maintain [their affairs] in balance!… (57:25)
It is not surprising that in the exhortation of the people, the messengers emphasized their attention to the correct distribution of any measure.
And O my nation! Give full measure and weight in justice and do not deprive the people of their due and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption! (11:85)
All this is true also in the monetary relations of people, the rules of which are clearly described in the Quran, adherence to which is estimated by the Lord as follows:
… That is more in balance in the sight of God… (2:282)
Balance is also prescribed:
- In relation to orphans:
…that you maintain for orphans [their rights] in balance… (4:127)
And do not approach the orphan’s property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. And give full measure and weight in justice. We do not charge any personality except [with that within] its capacity! And when you speak, be just, even if it is a near relative! Fulfil taken obligation before God!
This is His testament for you that you may take thought! (6:152)
Call them by their fathers! It is in balance in the sight of God. But if you do not know their fathers – then they are your brothers in duty and your intimates.
And there is no offense upon you for that in which you have erred but what your hearts intended. And ever is God Forgiving and Merciful! (33:5)
2. In relation to yourself and others
O you who have believed! Be persistently firm in balance witnesses for God, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, God is more worthy of both. So follow not passions, lest you not be just. And if you distort or refuse then indeed God is ever, with what you do, Acquainted. (4:135)
3. In relation to enemies
O you who have believed! Be persistently standing firm for God, witnesses in balance, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to circumspectness. Beware of God! Indeed, God is Acquainted with what you do. (5:8)
4. in the judicial process
And if you judge, judge between them with balance. Indeed, God loves those who act in balance! (5:42)
5. in trade
Give full measure when you measure, and weigh in balance. That is the best! This is the best explanation! (17:35)
Weigh in balance. (26:182)
6. in hostilities
And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two. But if one of them oppresses the other, then fight against the one that oppresses until it returns to the ordinance of God. And if it returns, then make settlement between them in justice and act in balance. Indeed, God loves those who act in balance! (49:9)
In a compartment with justice to all, balance also gives a qualitative component.
God witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and the maintainers and those of knowledge – persistent in balance. There is no deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise! (3:18)
Accordingly, there are also opposites, those that oppose the divine prescriptions and bearers of balance.
Those who closed themselves from the signs of God and kill the prophets without right and kill those who order balance from among the people – give them tidings of a painful punishment! (3:21)
Such characters should not flatter themselves. One can believe or not believe, but summing up is inevitable. At the same time, there can be no question of any prejudice on the part of the Lord.
And for every headship is a messenger. So when their messenger comes, it will be judged between them in balance, and they will not be wronged (10:47)
And We place the scales of balance for the day of standing before God, so no personality will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountant! (21:47)