The Quran about trespasses
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful
Being a social creature, a person basically conducts his life in communication. Over time, the modes of communication have evolved and acquired their present forms. By itself, communication involves the mutual influence of people on each other. In constant contact, there are different kinds of situations that, depending on the outcome, lead to their evaluation. Naturally, any human judgment is subjective in nature. After all, the same situation can be considered, both positive and negative.
In the sphere of faith, there are also assessments of situations. The only difference is that divine evaluations are objective and eternal. For a more detailed understanding, let us consider this topic from the Quran.
The word used in the Quran in relation to an adverse action, is “zunub”, meaning: guilt, trespass.
To date, the society has established the following concept of guilt (trespass): guilt – the cause, the source of something (unfavourable, undesirable, and adverse).
Judging by the state of people and religions, the situation in the relationship of a person with the Creator is not quite right. Therefore, thinking people are aware of the fact that mankind has accumulated a lot of trespasses, first of all before the Lord.
And rely upon the Ever-Living who does not die, and exalt with His praise. And sufficient is He to be, with the trespasses of His servants, Acquainted (25:58)
The described quality of the Creator clearly shows His infinite ability of Omniscience. This possibility extends absolutely to everything, including history. In the historical examples cited, God provides an opportunity for people to draw the right conclusions from them.
But the Jews and the Christians say, “We are the children of God and His beloved.”
Say, “Then why does He punish you for your trespasses?” Rather, you are human beings from among those He has created. He forgives whom He wills, and He punishes whom He wills. And to God belongs the kingship of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them, and to Him is the destination!” (5:18)
And how many have We destroyed from the generations after Nuh (Noah). And sufficient is your Lord, concerning the trespasses of His servants, as Acquainted and Seeing. (17:17)
I would like to draw attention to the consequences of the trespasses committed. As stated in the above passage, the Almighty punishes for trespasses. Thus, any trespass does not remain unpunished.
Have they not seen how many generations We destroyed before them which We had established upon the earth as We have not established you? And We sent [rain from] the sky upon them in showers and made rivers flow beneath them; then We destroyed them for their trespasses and brought forth after them a generation of others. (6:6)
Has it not become clear to those who inherited the earth after its [previous] people that if We willed, We could afflict them for their trespasses? But We seal over their hearts so they do not hear. (7:100)
Have they not traveled through the land and observed how was the end of those who were before them? They were greater than them in strength and in impression on the land, but God seized them for their trespasses. And they had not from God any protector! (40:21)
Analyzing messages about the punishment for the trespasses, we understand that this is due to persistence in commission of them, unwillingness to improve and repent. But repentance for guilt is one of the conditions for achieving God’s forgiveness.
So be patient. Indeed, the promise of God is truth. And ask forgiveness for your trespass and exalt with praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning! (40:55)
So know, that there is no deity except God and ask forgiveness for your trespass and for the believing men and believing women. And God knows of your movement and your resting place. (47:19)
The sincere repentance of a man and the admission of his guilt unambiguously lead to forgiveness of him in this life.
Say, “If you should love God, then follow me, [so] God will love you and forgive you your trespasses. And God is Forgiving and Merciful.” (3:31)
And those who, when they commit an excessiveness or wrong themselves, remember God and seek forgiveness for their trespasses – and who can forgive trespasses except God? – and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know. (3:135)
And [there are] others who have acknowledged their trespasses. They had mixed correcting deeds with another that was bad. Perhaps God will turn to them in forgiveness. Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful. (9:102)
Their messengers said, “Can there be doubt about God, Creator of the heavens and earth? He invites you that He may forgive you of your trespasses, and He delays your death for a specified term.”
They said, “You are not but men like us who wish to avert us from what our fathers were serving. So bring us a clear authority.” (14:10)
He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your trespasses. And whoever obeys God and His messenger has certainly attained a great attainment! (33:71)
Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves, do not despair of the mercy of God. Indeed, God forgives all trespasses. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.” (39:53)
The forgiver of trespasses, acceptor of repentance, severe in punishment, owner of abundance! There is no deity except Him; to Him is the destination. (40:3)
O our nation, respond to the messenger of God and believe Him; God will forgive for you your trespasses and protect you from a painful punishment. (46:31)
Indeed, We have given you a clear conquest That God may forgive for you what preceded of your trespasses and what will follow and complete His favor upon you and guide you to a straight path! And [that] God may aid you with a mighty victory. (48:1-3)
God will forgive you of your trespasses and delay you for a specified term. Indeed, the time [set by] God, when it comes, will not be delayed, if you only knew.’ “(71:4)
As long as there are correction and detachment from the commission of trespasses, on the Day of Debt the forgiveness of the Creator will certainly lead to the promised garden.
He will forgive for you your trespasses and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow and pleasant dwellings in gardens of Adn (Eden). That is the great attainment. (61:12)
Having learned about the consequences for the committed trespasses, we proceed to detail the types of trespasses:
1. Denial of judgement by the Prescription of God:
And judge between them by what God has revealed and do not follow their inclinations and beware of them, lest they tempt you away from some of what God has revealed to you. And if they turn away – then know that God only intends to afflict them with some of their [own] trespasses. And indeed, many among the people are apostates! (5:49)
2. Denial of the Signs of God:
[Theirs is] like the custom of the people of pharaoh and those before them. They denied Our signs, so God seized them for their trespasses. And God is severe in penalty. (3:11)
They will say,” Yes, a warner had come to us, but we denied and said, ‘ God has not sent down anything. You are not but in great error.’ “ And they will say, “If only we had been listening or reasoning, we would not be among the companions of the blaze!”
And they will admit their trespasses, so [it is] alienation for the companions of the blaze! (67-9:11)
But they denied him and hamstrung her.
So their Lord brought down upon them destruction for their trespass and made it equal [upon all of them]. (91:14)
Yusuf (Joseph), ignore this. And, [my wife], ask forgiveness for your trespass. Indeed, you were of the erring!” (12:29)
And they have upon me a [claim due to] trespass, so I fear that they will kill me.” (26:14)
He said, “I was only given it because of knowledge I have.” Did he not know that God had destroyed before him of generations those who were greater than him in power and greater in accumulation [of wealth]? But the criminals, about their trespasses, will not be asked! (28:78)
Trespass before the Lord, without remorse, cannot lead to anything good. On this basis, every thinking person, before committing an action, must realize the consequences.