The Quran about appeals to the holders of the Prescriptions
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful
The fundamental vector of the meaning of life for most people is faith in God. For many, faith is represented by a monotheistic worldview, which was formed by the once-sent down Prescriptions. It is generally accepted to refer the Holy Books to the Abrahamic direction, while each world religion rejects the truth of the religious doctrine that came after the founding Scripture for a given confession. In this sense, the last Prescription of the Creator – the Quran stands apart, as it does not level the previous prescriptions and appeals to all.
O holders of the Prescription! There has come to you Our messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Prescription and overlooking much. There has come to you from God a light – a clear Prescription. By which God guides those who pursue His contentment to the ways of humility and brings them out from darknesses into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path. (5:15-16)
O holders of the Prescription! There has come to you Our messenger to make clear after a period of messengers, lest you say, “There came not to us any bringer of good tidings or a warner!” But there has come to you a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And God is over all things competent! (5:19)
Due to the established dogmatic system, the “cleared thought” faced with the resistance of its representatives. Protecting the interests of the former doctrine required the denial of the divine signs, which led to reproaches of the Creator.
O holders of the Prescription! Why do you close yourselves from the signs of God while you witness?
O holders of the Prescription! Why do you confuse the truth with vainness and conceal the truth while you know?
And a faction of the holders of the Prescription say, “Believe in that which was revealed to the believers at the beginning of the day and close yourself at its end so that they may turn back. And do not trust except those who follow your duty before God! (30:70-72)
Say, “O holders of the Prescription! Why do you close yourselves from the signs of God while God is witness over what you do?”
Say, “O holders of the Prescription! Why do you avert from the way of God those who believe, seeking to make it deviant, while you are witnesses? And God is not unaware of what you do!” (3:98-99)
Say, “O holders of the Prescription! Do you resent us except that we have believed God and what was revealed to us and what was revealed before and because most of you are apostates?” (5:59)
Say, “O Jews! If you claim that you are close to God, excluding the people, then wish for death, if you should be truthful!” (62:6)
To provide a chance to perceive the correct guidance proposed, the Almighty draws the attention of opponents to the source of their prop – Abraham.
O holders of the Prescription! Why do you argue about Ibrahim (Abraham) while the Torah and the Gospel were not revealed until after him? Then will you not reason? Here you are – those who have argued about that of which you have knowledge, but why do you argue about that of which you have no knowledge? And God knows, while you know not.
Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was humble inclining toward truth, and he was not of those who associate others with God!
Indeed, the intimates of Abraham are those who followed him and this prophet, and those who believe. And God is the patron of the believers! (3:65-68)
Appeal to the analytical mind is the main tool in exhorting the representatives of previous monotheistic religions.
O you who were given the Prescription! Believe in what We have sent down, confirming that which is with you, before We obliterate faces and turn them toward their backs or curse them as We cursed the sabbath-breakers. And ever is the decree of God accomplished! (4:47)
O holders of the Prescription! Do not commit excess in your duty or say about God except the truth. Indeed, an anointed Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), was but a messenger of God! From Him is given His word to Maryam (Mary) and His Spirit. So believe God and His messengers. And do not say, “Three”; to desist – it is better for you. Indeed, God is but One God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is God as trusted! (4:171)
Say, “O holders of the Prescription! You have nothing until you uphold the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” And that which has been revealed to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and closed nature. So do not grieve over the closed people! (5:68)
Say, “O holders of the Prescription! Do not exceed limits in your duty beyond the truth and do not follow the passions of a people who had gone astray before and misled many and have strayed from the soundness of the way!”
Cursed were those who closed themselves among the children of Israel by the tongue of Dawood (David) and of Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed and transgressed! They used not to prevent one another from wrongdoing that they did. How wretched was that which they were doing! (5:77-79)
The essence of appeals to the holders of the Prescription is to correct their views without refusing the books that were sent before. The ground for the unity of the Abrahamic communities can be the points of contact between our Prescriptions that go in one direction.
Say, “O holders of the Prescription! Come to a word that is equitable between us and you – that we will not serve except God and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of God!” But if they turn away, then say, “Bear witness that we humbled ourselves!” (3:64)
This is possible only if the three sides reject the human interpretations and traditions, with only emphasis on the divine prescriptions.