The Quran about God’s appeal to Muhammad
In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful
The human factor of the deification of beloved objects was the main reason for the curtailment from the path prescribed by God. The delusion like “snowball” increased the “scab” of dogmas and rituals in order to assemble as many people as possible in its system. The chosen people – messengers were called to rake out these “Augean stables.”
The last messenger Muhammad performed his work on cleansing intellectual defecations with the help of the Quran rather successfully and guided steadily by the commands received.
O messenger! Announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And God will protect you from the people. Indeed, Allah does not guide the closed people! (5:67)
O you who wrapped himself! Arise at the night, except for a little – half of it – or subtract from it a little Or add to it.
Recite the Literature (Quran) with rhythmic recitation. (73:1-4)
O you who covered himself!
Arise and warn!
And your Lord glorify!
And your clothing purify!
And uncleanliness avoid!
And do not confer favor to acquire more!
But for your Lord be patient! (74:1-7)
The controlling “priestly elite” of that time undertook many ways to sabotage the purification of ideology. The main tools of sabotage were denial of signs of the Creator and hypocrisy. The response to this behavior was the following:
O Messenger, let them not grieve you who hasten to close themselves of those who say, “We believe” with their mouths, but their hearts believe not.
From among the Jews, there are listeners to lies. They are, the ones listening to another people who have not come to you. They change the order of the words, saying “If you are given this, take it; but if you are not given it, then beware.”
Indeed, he whom God intends to confuse – never will you possess for him a thing against God. Those are the ones for whom God does not intend to purify their hearts. For them in this world is disgrace, and for them in the hereafter is a great punishment. (5:41)
O prophet, beware of God and do not obey the closed and the venal ones. Indeed, God is ever Knowing and Wise.
And follow that which is revealed to you from your Lord. Indeed God is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.
And rely upon God, and sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs! (33:1-3)
O prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner, and one who invites to God, by His permission, an illuminating lamp. And give good tidings to the believers that they will have from God great bounty. And do not obey the closed and the venal ones but do not harm them, and rely upon God. And sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs! (33:45-48)
No matter how universal the messenger was, without the support of believers, the successful fulfilment of entrusted mission would be considerably hampered. A qualitative monolithic minority, by its nature, always prevails over a mixed majority.
O prophet! Sufficient for you is God and for whoever follows you of the believers.
O prophet! Urge the believers to battle. If there are among you twenty steadfast, they will overcome two hundred. And if there are among you one hundred steadfast, they will overcome a thousand of those who have closed themselves because they are a people who do not understand! (8:64-65)
Military clashes were the last argument in the confrontation of ideologies. The old doctrine under the onslaught of true faith was forced to use force to preserve its rotten system. In this situation, Muhammad was given the following prescriptions:
O prophet! Fight against the closed and the venal ones and be harsh upon them. And their refuge is hell, and wretched is the destination! (9:73)
O prophet! Strive against the closed and the venal ones and be harsh upon them. And their refuge is hell, and wretched is the destination! (66:9)
As a result of the battles the believers captured opponents. Allowing such an event for a good outcome, God appeals directly to them.
O prophet! Say to whoever is in your hands of the captives, “If God knows good in your hearts, He will give you better than what was taken from you, and He will forgive you; and God is Forgiving and Merciful!” (8:70)
Passionate activists were not only among men, but also among women. Their contribution to the spread of truth was not inferior to the opposite sex. Illuminated by the Quranic idea, they voluntarily came to the disposal of the messenger.
O prophet! When the believing women come to you pledging to you that they will not associate anything with God, nor will they steal, nor will they commit fornication, nor will they kill their children, nor will they bring forth a slander they have invented between their arms and legs, nor will they disobey you in what is approved – then accept their pledge and ask forgiveness for them of God! Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful! (60:12)
The theme of the relationship between man and woman is also affected in the Quran. The difference between believing women from the rest, a fair attitude towards them, and observance of their rights are the basic requirements of the Quran.
O prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and will not cause unpleasant feelings. And ever is God Forgiving and Merciful. (33:59)
O prophet, when you divorce women, divorce them within their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period. Beware of God, your Lord! Do not turn them out of their houses, nor should they leave unless they are committing a clear excessivness. And those are the limits set by God. And whoever transgresses the limits of God has certainly wronged himself.
You know not; perhaps God will bring about after that some matter. And when they have fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or part with them according to acceptable terms. And bring to witness two just men from among you and establish the testimony for God. That is instructed to whoever should believe God and in the last day. And whoever is aware of God – He will make for him a way out and will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon God – then He is sufficient for him.
Indeed, God will accomplish His purpose. God has already set for everything an extent. (65:1-3)
The attitude of Muhammad to his wives is of great importance primarily for believers, because many are guided by him and try to project certain aspects of his life on himself.
O prophet, say to your wives, “If you should desire the worldly life and its adornment, then come, I will provide for you and give you a gracious release. But if you should desire God and His messenger and the home of the hereafter – then indeed, God has prepared for the doers of good among you a great reward!” (33:28-29)
O prophet, indeed We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have given their due compensation and those dependent on you from what God has returned to you of captives and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who emigrated with you and a believing woman if she gives herself to the prophet, if the prophet wishes to have intimate relationships with her, only for you, excluding the believers. We certainly know what We have made obligatory upon them concerning their wives and those dependent on them, in order that there will be upon you no discomfort. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful! You may put aside whom you will of them or take to yourself whom you will. And any that you desire of those from whom you had separated – there is no offence upon you. That is more suitable that they should be content and not grieve and that they should be satisfied with what you have given them – all of them. And God knows what is in your hearts. And ever is God Knowing and Forbearing! (33:50)
On the events of the relations between the messenger and his wives, the Creator showed the superiority of His Words over the personal opinion of the messenger.
O prophet, why do you prohibit what God has made lawful for you, seeking the contentment of your wives? And God is Forgiving and Merciful! (66:1)
To properly follow Muhammad, one must be guided not by traditions about him, but by the Quran.